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Friday, March 4, 2011

10 major causes of heart disease according to the American Heart Association

How to Wreck Your Heart
What not to do for your heart's health.

1. Keep smoking.

A major cause of heart disease, smoking raises blood pressure, causes blood clots, and makes it harder to exercise. And it’s the number one preventable cause of premature death in the U.S., according to the American Heart Association.

Even though it may be one of the most difficult habits to quit, the rewards of stopping smoking are perhaps the greatest and most immediate.

When you toss the smokes, your heart risk goes down within just a few days of quitting. Within a year, your risk is cut by half. After 10 years of living smoke-free, it’s as if you never smoked at all, says Nieca Goldberg, MD, cardiologist and director of the New York University Women’s Heart Program.

2. Ignore that chest pain.

When your heart literally aches and you don’t know why, it’s time to get checked out.

If you have chest pains while exercising, that’s a red flag. But if it happens after a heavy meal, it’s more likely to be your stomach causing trouble, says Goldberg, who is an American Heart Association spokeswoman and author of Dr. Nieca Goldberg’s Complete Guide to Women’s Health.

If you feel like an elephant is sitting on your chest and you’re breaking out in a sweat, that’s an urgent matter; call 911.

Regardless of what you’re feeling or when, even a doctor can’t tell if you’re in real trouble over the phone. So you have to seek medical attention in person to get a definitive answer for chest pain.

3. Just accept that it’s in your genes.

Having a family history of heart disease is a strong risk factor for predicting your own chances of heart trouble.

Having a parent who has had an early heart attack doubles the risk for men having one; in women the risk goes up by about 70%, according to an American Heart Association report from December 2010.

“But heart disease isn’t just what you inherit. It’s also what you do about it,” Goldberg tells WebMD. You can still beat the odds and dramatically lower your risks by doing other heart-friendly things.

For example, lowering your LDL (that’s the bad form of cholesterol) by 50% will cut your risks in half, Goldberg says.

And a 1998 study from the Journal of the American Medical Association showed that taking a cholesterol-lowering statin drug can help people with a family history of heart disease lower their risk to less than someone with zero family history. That means in some cases, you could erase your risk.

Bottom line: There’s no need to let your family history determine your destiny.

4. Skip your checkup.

When you don’t get checked out regularly by a doctor, you might not realize if you have some of the silent heart risk factors that are harder to detect, says Fonarow, who directs the Ahmanson-UCLA Cardiomyopathy Center.

Some of the most common, symptom-free cardiovascular issues are also some of the most easily treated, such as high cholesterol and high blood pressure.

If the cost of a checkup is holding you back, you may have more options than you think. Federally funded health centers allow patients to pay what they can. And local hospitals often offer information about clinics that accept sliding scale payments. Call your local health department for leads.

5. Be a couch potato.

“Being sedentary increases heart risks. Physical activity simply translates to living longer,” Fonarow says.

Exercise helps lower blood pressure, improves cholesterol levels, encourages weight loss, benefits blood vessel function, and cuts stress, among other things.

Even if you haven’t been active for the last 20 years, it’s never too late to make an impact with exercise. Just be sure to talk to a doctor before you start a new fitness regimen. Tell your doctor exactly what you plan to do, or ask his advice, if you're looking for suggestions.

6. Stop taking your medications.

If you stop taking your heart medications, you may not feel better or worse afterward. But you could still be heading for a cardiac catastrophe.

“It’s only when you’re struck with a heart attack or stroke that many people think, ‘Oh, I should really keep taking my statin drug to lower my cholesterol,’” Fonarow says. He advises looking at heart medications as “insurance” against heart attack and stroke

7. Forget your growing waistline -- just buy some bigger pants.

If your belt size is slowly getting bigger, that’s something to worry about.

Excess fat tissue in the midsection -- giving you an apple-shaped figure -- could mean metabolic syndrome.

Metabolic syndrome is a combination of risk factors that can lead to heart disease, stroke, or diabetes, through hardening of the arteries, insulin resistance, and inflammation.

A hefty waistline is linked to doubling your risk of heart disease, Goldberg says. That’s good reason to redouble your efforts to get in shape through a healthy lifestyle. It's not just about your clothes size.

8. Never mind when your heart flutters.

A fluttering feeling in your heart that causes chest discomfort, shortness of breath, the feeling you could faint, or actual fainting could be a sign of a heart arrhythmia. That’s an electrical problem with your heart, causing it to beat either too fast, too slow, or just irregularly.

If you feel a flutter for a second and it goes away, that’s no big deal, Goldberg tells WebMD. You can probably chalk that up to caffeine, chocolate, asthma, or maybe some cold medications you took. But if it happens frequently or is associated with other symptoms, seek medical attention immediately.

9. Let your blood pressure run amok.

“A good way to wreck your heart is to leave your blood pressure elevated and untreated,” Fonarow says. Only about half of American adults with high blood pressure keep it under control, he says.

Allowing blood pressure to get out of hand makes the heart work harder and enlarge, leading to heart failure. It can also cause hardened arteries, raising your risks for heart attack, stroke, and other problems.

Even though symptoms of high blood pressure are rare, it’s relatively easy to diagnose. You can even check it yourself with a home blood pressure monitor. Diet, exercise, and medications (if needed) can treat high blood pressure.

10. Eat with abandon.

Being overweight or obese contributes to heart disease, heart failure, and a shorter lifespan, Fonarow says.

No doubt, lasting weight loss is tough to accomplish. But the good news is, even moderate weight loss can improve heart risk factors.

Aim for a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and nuts; low in saturated fat and cholesterol; and with almost no trans fats. This does not mean you need to avoid fat altogether. Fats found in fish, olives and olive oil, nuts, and avocados are heart-healthy and should be eaten in moderation.


  1. Hallo!Doctor, I have a problem: When leaving the house and walk 20 steps quickly, and it's cold outside, I feel a pain in the chest.way?

  2. Hello Dear Elena,
    I am sorry you are having some issues.
    Any pain in the chest should be investigated by your Doctor. He may want to know if you also have pain at other times when you exert yourself or does it only happen in the cold air. Perhaps a EKG is in order. Do you have asthma or COPD or other condition of the lung? If the pain occurs only when you exercise, in the cold air, when you are starting to breathe more deeply the cold air can cause the bronchi to spasm.. The sudden contraction can cause pain and difficulty in breathing.
    PLease check it out and let me know how you are doing.
    It is always good to hear from you.
    Many hugs,

  3. Carl dear,
    I'll respond immediately.I have pain in your chest, just when leaving out and traverse a distance of 20 meters, went quickly.And when it's cold outside. Why?

  4. Elena,Good you are seeing a Doctor! As I said previously the Doctor may want to know if you also have pain at other times when you exert yourself or does it only happen in the cold air.
    Perhaps a EKG for your heart is in order.

    Do you have asthma or COPD or other condition of the lung?
    If the pain occurs only when you exercise, in the cold air, when you are starting to breathe more deeply the cold air can cause the bronchi to spasm..
    The sudden contraction can cause pain and difficulty in breathing.
    let me know how you are.

  5. I do my one EKG.
    Thanks for the suggestion Carl.O good day to you!
    The friend, Elena.