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Monday, March 13, 2017

Prostate cancer - the second most common cancer among men.

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer among American men

Medically Reviewed by Robert Jasmer, MD

What Is Prostate Cancer?

        Cancer is a disease characterized by the out-of-control growth of abnormal cells, which may invade healthy cells in the body.

As its name suggests, prostate cancer is one that starts in the prostate, a walnut-sized gland in men that's located below the bladder and in front of the rectum.

The prostate surrounds the urethra and produces prostate fluid, which is part of semen.

Prostate cancer often progress very slowly, though in some cases it can be quite aggressive.

In its early stages, it usually doesn't cause any symptoms.
However, there are numerous possible symptoms in the later stages of the disease, including urination issues, painful ejaculation, and constant pain in the back, hips, or pelvis.
Prevalence and Demographics

After skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men, affecting one in seven men (about 14 percent), according to the American Cancer Society (ACS).

Though only one in 38 men will die from the disease, it's second only to lung cancer in terms of cancer deaths among men.

The ACS further estimates that there will be some 220,800 new cases of prostate cancer and about 27,540 prostate cancer deaths in the United States in 2015.

Prostate cancer doesn't affect all races and ethnicity equally.

In 2011, African-American men had the highest prevalence rates of prostate cancer, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

White men had the second highest prevalence rates of prostate cancer in 2011, followed by Hispanic, Asian and Pacific Islander, and finally, American Indian and Alaska Native men.

According to the CDC, African-American men were also the most likely to die from prostate cancer, followed by white, Hispanic, American Indian and Alaska Native, and Asian and Pacific Islander.

How Prostate Cancer Develops

Various genes oversee the life and death of cells.

For instance, oncogenes help direct the growth and division of cells, while tumor suppressor genes play a key role in keeping cell division in check and promoting apoptosis, or programmed cell death.

Changes or mutations in the DNA of prostate cells may alter the expression or behavior of these and other genes, causing the cells to stay alive longer than they should, and experience accelerated growth and division.

These abnormal cells accumulate to form a tumor, which can invade nearby tissue. The cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body, or metastasize, causing cancer in other tissues.

Though there are several types of cells in the prostate, almost all prostate cancers develop from gland cells, which produce the prostate fluid.

It's unknown what, exactly, causes the DNA mutations in cells that can lead to prostate cancer.

However, scientists have identified risk factors for the disease.
Risk Factors

Aside from race (described above), there are numerous other risk factors for prostate cancer, most notably age and family history.

A man's risk of prostate cancer increases with age. The average age of prostate cancer diagnosis in the United State is 69, and more than 65 percent of all prostate cancer diagnoses occur in men over age 65, according to the Prostate Cancer Foundation (PCF).

Prostate cancer appears to run in families, suggesting a hereditary basis for some cancer development. Men are two to three times more likely to develop prostate cancer if they have fathers, brothers, or sons who have prostate cancer, according to the CDC.

Additionally, men who have mutations in eight specific genes — including BRCA1 and BRCA2, which are known to increase women's risk of breast and ovarian cancers — have an increased risk of advanced (aggressive) familial pancreatic cancer, according to a 2014 report in the British Journal of Cancer.

Other probable risk factors include obesity and a diet high in saturated fat.

What I need to know about Prostate Problems; National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC).
How many men get prostate cancer?; American Cancer Society.
Prostate Cancer Rates by Race and Ethnicity; CDC.
What is prostate cancer?; American Cancer Society.
Do we know what causes prostate cancer?; American Cancer Society.
Leongamornlert et al. (2014). "Frequent germline deleterious mutations in DNA repair genes in familial prostate cancer cases are associated with advanced disease." British Journal of Cancer.
Prostate Cancer Risk Factors; Prostate Cancer Foundation.
Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer Development; National Cancer Institute.

Wednesday, February 22, 2017

Ringing in The Ears.. Common causes for Seniors

       Tinnitus is the medical term for a ringing or buzzing noise in the ears. Most people refer to tinnitus as “ringing in the ears.” However, you may hear more than just ringing. If you have tinnitus, you may also hear: roaring buzzing whistling hissing...

Here are some common reason for this to be happening to you. If this occurs and will not go away see your doctor.Tinnitus can be a warning sign..


What is labyrinthitis?


Labyrinthitis is an inner ear disorder. It occurs when a vestibular nerve, important to spatial navigation and balance control, becomes inflamed.
Symptoms include dizziness, loss of balance, nausea, vomiting, tinnitus, and vertigo.
With proper treatment, most people find relief from symptoms within 1 to 3 weeks. And they usually achieve full recovery within 1 to 2 months.

Meniere's Disease

What Are the Symptoms of Meniere’s Disease?

Meniere’s disease symptoms tend to come on as “episodes” or “attacks.” Most people with Meniere’s disease don’t experience symptoms between episodes.

Symptoms of Meniere’s disease include:

-vertigo (attacks can last anywhere from a few minutes to 24 hours)
-loss of hearing in the affected ear
-tinnitus (a sensation of ringing) in the affected ear
-a feeling of fullness in the affected ear
-loss of balance
-nausea, vomiting, and sweating caused by severe vertigo

Many of these symptoms can be caused by other problems in the ear. Someone with Meniere’s disease will experience at least two to three of the following symptoms at one time:

-hearing loss
-aural fullness (a feeling that the ear is full or plugged)

Eardrum Rupture

What is an eardrum rupture?


An eardrum rupture is a small hole or tear in your eardrum, or tympanic membrane.
Ear infections, pressure changes, and injury are common causes of eardrum ruptures.

A ruptured eardrum often heals without any invasive treatment, and it rarely leads to permanent hearing loss.
An eardrum rupture is a small hole or tear in your eardrum, or tympanic membrane. The tympanic membrane is a thin tissue that divides your middle ear and outer ear canal.

Earwax Overview

Earwax blockage (called cerumen impaction) can occur when your body produces too much earwax or when the existing wax pushes too far into your ear canal. In some cases, you may not be able to hear out of the affected ear, but this typically lasts only until you can have the excess wax removed. In most cases, home treatment works well, but a doctor can also help eliminate and unplug the earwax Blockage

Age-Related Hearing Loss

What Is Age-Related Hearing Loss?

As you age, you’ll experience a number of changes in the way your body functions. Hearing loss might be one of these changes.
Hearing loss due to aging is a common condition that impacts many older adults. Almost 1 in 2 adults over age 65 experience some degree of hearing loss.
Age-related hearing loss is also known as presbycusis. Although age-related hearing loss is not a life-threatening condition, it can have a significant impact on your quality of life if left untreated.

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

What is high blood pressure?

High blood pressure, or hypertension, occurs when your blood pressure increases to unhealthy levels. Your blood pressure measurement takes into account how quickly blood is passing through your veins and the amount of resistance the blood meets while it’s pumping.

Treatment for hypertension includes both prescription medication and healthy lifestyle changes. If the condition isn’t treated, it could lead to health issues, including heart attack and stroke.

TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint) Disorders

What Is TMJ?
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the joint that connects your mandible (lower jaw) to your skull. The joint can be found on both sides of your head in front of your ears. It allows your jaw to open and close, enabling you to speak and eat.

This abbreviation is also used to refer to a group of health problems related to your jaw. These disorders can cause tenderness at the joint, facial pain, and difficulty moving the joint. According to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, as many as 10 million Americans suffer from TMJ. TMJ is more common among women than men. These disorders are treatable, but there are many different possible causes. This can make diagnosis difficult.

What Are the Symptoms of TMJ?

The symptoms of TMJ disorders depend on the severity and cause of your condition. The most common symptom of TMJ is pain in the jaw and surrounding muscles. Other symptoms typically associated with these disorders include:

-pain that can be felt in the face or neck
-stiffness in the muscles of the jaw
-limited movement of the jaw
-locking of the jaw
-clicking or popping sound from the TMJ site
-shift in the jaw, changing the way that the upper and lower teeth align (called malocclusion)

Bell's Palsy

What Is Bell’s Palsy?

Bell’s palsy is a condition that causes a temporary weakness or paralysis of the muscles in the face. It can occur when the nerve that controls your facial muscles becomes inflamed, swollen, or compressed.

The condition causes one side of your face to droop or become stiff. You may have difficulty smiling or closing your eye on the affected side. In most cases, Bell’s palsy is temporary and symptoms usually go away after a few weeks.

Although Bell’s palsy can occur at any age, the condition is more common among people between ages 16 and 60. Bell’s palsy is named after the Scottish anatomist Charles Bell, who was the first to describe the condition.

What Are the Symptoms of Bell’s Palsy?


The symptoms of Bell’s palsy can develop one to two weeks after you have a cold, ear infection, or eye infection. They usually appear abruptly, and you may notice them when you wake up in the morning or when you try to eat or drink.

Bell’s palsy is marked by a droopy appearance on one side of the face and the inability to open or close your eye on the affected side. In rare cases, Bell’s palsy may affect both sides of your face.

Other signs and symptoms of Bell’s palsy include:

-difficulty eating and drinking
-an inability to make facial expressions, such as smiling or frowning
-facial weakness
-muscle twitches in the face
-dry eye and mouth
-a headache
-Sensitivity to sound

Wednesday, December 14, 2016

THE GILMAN JONES DAILY: Cataract surgery, The lens inside your eye- Phil H...

THE GILMAN JONES DAILY: Cataract surgery, The lens inside your eye- Phil H...:         I n cataract surgery, the lens inside your eye that has become cloudy is removed and replaced with an artificial lens (c...

THE GILMAN JONES DAILY: Cataract surgery, The lens inside your eye- Phil H...

THE GILMAN JONES DAILY: Cataract surgery, The lens inside your eye- Phil H...:         I n cataract surgery, the lens inside your eye that has become cloudy is removed and replaced with an artificial lens (c...

Friday, December 9, 2016

Drone delivers transfusion blood intact

Thursday, December 8, 2016

In findings announced yesterday, scientists from John's Hopkins University took ordinary commercial drones, swapped out their cameras for coolers and packed them with human plasma, platelets and blood cells. The drones were found to deliver their cargo in usable condition after flights lasting almost half an hour, at distances of up to 12 miles.

"For rural areas that lack access to nearby clinics, or that may lack the infrastructure for collecting blood products or transporting them on their own, drones can provide that access," says pathologist and lead author of the paper Dr. Timothy Amukele.

Although earlier studies have confirmed that drone flights do not affect the useful properties or microbe populations of human blood products, those experiments were performed on small, vial-sized samples. Here, the drones carried much larger quantities of blood, in the proportions and packaging that doctors and medical technicians would actually use on patients, with units purchased directly from the American Red Cross. Unlike Rwanda's medical delivery drones, which were custom-made for blood product delivery by Zipline, these experiments were completed with regular, commercially available S900-model machines with minimal modification.

Post-flight, the samples were tested for cell rupture, changes in pH, air bubbles and other damage that might indicate that the packages had thawed out or otherwise become unsuitable for use in transfusions. The samples were found to have arrived intact.

Although the test was performed in an unpopulated area, it is speculated that drones might be useful not only for delivery of blood products to rural medical facilities but also for distributing blood resources through urban areas. John's Hopkins pathologist and research team leader Dr. Timothy Armukele speculates that emergency medical teams may one day be able to transfuse patients on the spot by calling for a drone to bring blood of the appropriate type.

The details of the experiment have been published in the latest issue of Transfusion.

Press Release. "Study shows blood products unaffected by drone trips" — Johns Hopkins Medicine, December 7, 2016
Kelsey D. Atherton. "Good news: It's safe to use drones to fly blood around" — Popular Science, December 7, 2016
Timothy Armukele, Paul M. Ness, Aaron A.M. Tobian, Joan Boyd, and Jeff Street. "Drone transportation of blood products" — Transfusion, November 11, 2016
Amar Toor. "Country launches world's first national drone delivery service with help from a Silicon Valley startup" — The Verge, October 13, 2016

Timothy K. Amukele, Jeff Street, Karen Carroll, Heather Miller, and Sean X. Zhang. "Drone Transport of Microbes in Blood and Sputum Laboratory Specimens" — Journal of Clinical Microbiology, August 17, 2016

Saturday, November 19, 2016

Pushing Bionic Limits at the Cyborg Olympics

Pushing Bionic Limits at the Cyborg Olympics

Disabled competitors gather to show off, and help improve, the latest in assistive technology.

Sixty-six teams of competitors from countries all around the world converged on Zurich, Switzerland, for what’s been called the first cyborg Olympics. But “Cybathlon” is much more than just a series of games—it’s a more like a super trade-show for assistive technology, where cutting edge creations that help humans grapple with disability can be displayed, and ideas exchanged about how to improve them. 

People who have been robotically enhanced are paired with researchers including roboticists and neurologists. Competitors with similar disabilities compete in Olympic-style races where the fastest time wins: One arm prosthetic race included household chores like hanging clothes and cutting bread.

The researchers use the experiences of disabled competitors to explore the limitations of current technology in an effort to develop and commercialize the unique devices being used in the games.

Saturday, October 29, 2016

Inflammation and Autoimmune Disease...The Truth of the Situation is that FOOD MATTERS

Carlsvilleproject Health

Inflammation and Autoimmune Disease

       The truth of the situation is that FOOD MATTERS. That's right, it's not just a movie (which by the way you should all watch!). Hyper-permeability of the gut, regardless of whether you can feel it or not is often a significant cause of an extremely long and ever growing list of conditions. The inflammatory cascade that takes place by any inflammatory trigger (diet, medications, infections, stress, hormonal, neurological, or metabolic) can break down the intestinal permeability and allows for the leaky gut mechanism to initiate.
Due to the variety of triggers, it is often possible to reduce an individual's immune reactivity but not cure it if leaky gut is not the primary trigger for the inflammatory process. There are multiple models of autoimmunity although it is becoming more well accepted that once you develop autoimmunity you will have increased Intestinal Permeability also.
Autoimmunity can be put into remission and this can have profound improved life consequences but it can also be turned on again if life circumstances change. It is considered "Incurable". You may be able to change the expression of it but to think that you are going to be able to take a boat load of supplements and change your diet and cure the condition you are generally going to be let down.
Waxing and waning responses are par for autoimmunity. When stress picks up despite dietary intake a person will be expected to flare up. This inflammation is initiated by increased levels of iNOS (inducible nitric oxide) which causes an immediate increase in intestinal permeability much like elevated cortisol levels from stress. Once this occurs serum protein particles leak through and become extremely reactive. Gluten is an extremely common serum protein in a situation of increased permeability simply due to the commonality of daily exposure.
If you take on too many projects, eat poorly, have limited or poor sleep patterns, then you can bet that intestinal permeability will increase and food will start to leak through.
Your immune system will then begin to recognize these proteins as other similar proteins like cerebellum, thyroid, etc... When that occurs you will experience symptoms that generally are far removed from what someone would consider to be food related since they are not felt in the gut. Instead you experience brain fog, pain, fatigue, poor sleep, anxiety, or endocrine dysfunction. When antibodies combine with our structural proteins, specific genes are turned on in a special type of immune cell in the body. Inflammatory chemicals are created called cytokines, which are strongly damaging to brain function. In fact, elevated cytokines are seen in such devastating conditions as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis and even autism.
You see, autoimmune disease is not clinically diagnosed until you have tissue destruction. For some neurodegenerative conditions, you need up to 70 percent demyelination (nerve damage) before it will show on an MRI. You cannot afford to wait for that type of advanced destruction before taking action.

If you are symptomatic in any way and show to have antibodies or test positive on any of the tests listed above, you have Autoimmune Reactivity and that is enough to take action and make life changes to potentially stop the process from continuing. Inflammation can be a great friend in this sense. Look at it as an early warning sign and take action before it turns into a fire that rages out of control from one body tissue to another.

Monday, October 3, 2016

The Best Foods For Men's Healthy Living in The Philippines

     If you want to know the secret to keeping your doctor’s visits at a minimum, look to your kitchen. Unfortunately, as men get older, their chances of developing health problems such as high blood pressure, heart disease, high blood sugar, diabetes, and prostate cancer increase. None of those conditions are inevitable, of course, but lifestyle habits — particularly how you eat — can make a huge difference in how healthy you remain.

You can reduce the risk of these conditions by improving your diet, focusing on foods that have been shown to boost health and reduce the likelihood of a scary diagnosis.

Here are seven of the best foods men over age 50 should add to their diets, and why. If you aren’t already eating these items, there's no need to fret over what to do with them: We've got tips on how to painlessly include them.


Mushrooms ''beef up'' dishes — even vegetarian fare — by giving them a meatier taste that many men like, says Leslie Bonci, RDN, director of sports nutrition at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center's Sports Medicine center and a sports dietitian for the university's athletics department. They only have about 20 calories per cup and contain potassium, which is helpful in offsetting the effects of sodium and in lowering blood pressure, according to the American Heart Association.

Add them to your diet: "Throw some on a salad, chop them up for chili, or grill them," Bonci says. Or try these barbecued portobello mushrooms the next time you grill.

 Tart Cherries  (We need to substitute in the Philippines)

Tart cherries can work as an anti-inflammatory agent, Bonci says. In her work consulting with sports teams, she often recommends that athletes drink tart cherry juice to reduce inflammation from vigorous training.

Cherries are very good but you can't get them in the Philippines.. For an inflammatory agent in your diet use Turmeric in your daily cooking . You can also take Turmeric by capsule. I get them at the local church where the nun prepare it.. About 4p per capsule...


''As men age, their muscle mass decreases," says Jim White, RDN, a spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and a personal trainer in Virginia Beach, Virginia.

"Eggs are a great source of protein," he says, and that can help with the dwindling muscle mass. Although the pendulum has swung back and forth on the healthfulness of eggs, most experts see a role for them in our diet. Eggs also have lutein, which may reduce the risk of the macular degeneration, an eye condition that can cause blindness.

Add them to your diet: Enjoy eggs for breakfast, lunch, or dinner. These nine ways to cook an egg can help you fit them into your day.

Berries may reduce the risk of cancer, says Deepak Talreja, MD, a cardiologist at Eastern Virginia University Medical School in Norfolk.
Hard to impossible to get fresh berries but frozen you can buy and has all of the antioxidants present..
Also you can get berries in yorgurt here in the Philippines...

Research is ongoing, but some studies have found that blueberries, for instance, inhibit inflammation, which may decrease the risk of some cancers. A research review examining the anti-cancer properties of blueberries, published in the October 2013 issue of Anticancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry, concluded that the little blue orbs might help inhibit the growth of cancer cells.

Blueberries aren’t the only berries that might help fight cancer. A diet that includes freeze-dried black raspberries and strawberries inhibited esophageal cancer by 30 to 70 percent and colon cancer by 80 percent, according to studies on rats done at the Medical College of Wisconsin Cancer Center in Milwaukee. Whether humans would experience the same anti-cancer benefits has yet to be proven.

Add them to your diet: Simply put, you can snack on berries straight. They're also easy to add to salads, yogurt, or hot cereals.  


Gut microbiota — the bacteria in our intestines — have recently garnered a lot of attention from the scientific community. It turns out that they might be key for good health, as they've been linked to how our immune system functions, how we absorb nutrients, and even how we regulate mood.

Kefir is fermented milk with prebiotics and probiotics that can help promote healthy gut microbiota. Probiotics are good bacteria, and prebiotics are the food ingredients that feed them. So kefir is a symbiotic gut health food, meaning it contains both the bacteria and the bacteria's food source. Kefir may help ward off GI problems that can occur later in life, White says. In addition, scientists have found that kefir helps reduce inflammation in the guts of mice and reduces blood sugar levels in patients with diabetes.

The difference between Kefer and Yogurt is this: 

Milk Kefir

The bacteria in milk kefir, on the other hand, can actually colonize the intestinal tract. Kefir also contains a far larger range of bacteria, in addition to containing yeasts.


The beneficial bacteria found in yogurt help keep the digestive tract clean and provide food for the friendly bacteria found in a healthy gut. They pass through the digestive tract and are called transient bacteria.

Add it to your diet: Kefir is sometimes referred to as the yogurt you drink. "Having a serving of kefir a day would be great," White says. You can use it like you do milk by drinking it plain, adding it to cereal, or using it in smoothies.


Like you needed a new reason to indulge in guacamole: Avocados are loaded with heart-healthy monounsaturated fats that may help keep cholesterol levels low. And that's something that men need as they age, White says. One medium California avocado has about 230 calories, but it also has about 10 grams (g) of fiber and about 20 g of fat. Plus, avocados have also been linked to weight loss and lower levels of inflammation.

Add them to your diet: Like many of the foods on this list, avocados are easily added to dishes that you already love, like burgers, omelets, salads, sandwiches, and tacos.


These little spheres of protein carry lots of blood benefits that may help keep heart disease and diabetes at bay. A scientific review of 26 clinical trials published in May 2014 in the Canadian Medical Association Journal found that eating 3/4 of a cup of beans daily could lower LDL (bad) cholesterol levels by 5 percent. And that, of course, can reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke.

But that isn’t the only way beans can help your blood profile. When people with type 2 diabetes consumed 1 cup of beans daily over the course of three months, they had lower blood pressure and blood sugar levels, according to a study published in October 2012 the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Add them to your diet: A cup of cooked kidney beans has approximately 225 calories, 15 g of protein, 13 g of fiber, and 1 g of fat. This makes them a great addition to salads or a filling for tacos or burritos. Also rice and beans make a perfect protein...

Eat well..Stay healthy